CERVICAL SPINE SURGERY
Cervical spine surgery is most commonly performed to treat two conditions: 1) Radiculopathy: Neck pain radiating into the upper extremities due to a pinched nerve, and 2) Myelopathy: Abnormal motor/sensory function of the extremities due to compression of the spinal cord itself [ACDF= Anterior Cervical Diskectomy & Fusion]
MINIMALLY-INVASIVE SPINE (MIS) SURGERY
In certain cases, it is possible to perform surgery through small incisions (instead of larger, conventional incisions) so that trauma to the surrounding tissues can be minimized. Recovery is usually much faster than conventional spine surgery. [TLIF= Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion]
LUMBAR SPINE SURGERY, CONVENTIONAL
Compression of the spinal nerve roots in the lower back can often result in persistent pain, numbness, tingling which can be debilitating. Sometimes conventional surgery is the best option to address this condition.
TRAUMA & REVISION SURGERY [selected examples]
Traumatic injuries affecting the spine can potentially result in severe neurological and mechanical instability, and these injuries need to be stabilized urgently.
Revision surgery is sometimes needed to fix old/new problems after a previous spine surgery.
Compression fractures of the vertebral bodies (usually due to osteoporosis and low-energy trauma) can cause significant pain and disability. Kyphoplasty (a procedure of injecting poly-methyl methacrylate cement into the fractured bone) is a good option for patients whose pain is not relieved with nonoperative treatment.